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        霧化吸入多黏菌素輔助治療呼吸機相關性肺炎療效與安全性的Meta分析
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        篇名: 霧化吸入多黏菌素輔助治療呼吸機相關性肺炎療效與安全性的Meta分析
        TITLE: Efficacy and Safety of Atomization Inhalation of Polymyxin in the Adjunctive Treatment of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia:A Meta-analysis
        摘要: 目的:系統評價霧化吸入多黏菌素輔助治療呼吸機相關性肺炎的療效與安全性,為臨床治療提供循證參考。方法:計算機檢索CochraneLibrary、Embase、PubMed、WebofScience、中國期刊全文數據庫、中國生物醫學文獻數據庫、中文科技期刊數據庫、萬方數據庫(檢索時限均為建庫至2021年3月)中關于霧化吸入多黏菌素聯合常規治療(試驗組)對比常規治療(對照組)對呼吸機相關性肺炎的療效和安全性的隨機對照試驗(RCT)及隊列研究。對符合納入與排除標準的文獻進行資料提取和質量評價后,采用RevMan5.4軟件進行Meta分析。結果:共納入13項臨床研究,包括2項RCT和11項隊列研究,共計1066例患者。Meta分析結果顯示,試驗組患者的臨床有效率[OR=1.53,95%CI(1.17,2.00),P=0.002]、微生物清除率[OR=1.46,95%CI(1.11,1.91),P=0.007]均顯著高于對照組,差異均有統計學意義;兩組患者的全因死亡率[OR=0.88,95%CI(0.68,1.14),P=0.32]、腎功能損害發生率[OR=1.04,95%CI(0.72,1.49),P=0.85]比較,差異均無統計學意義。結論:基于現有臨床證據,霧化吸入多黏菌素聯合常規治療能顯著提高呼吸機相關性肺炎患者的臨床有效率和微生物清除率。但本結論尚需要更多設計嚴格、長期隨訪的大樣本RCT加以證實。
        ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of atomization inhalation of polymyxin combined in the adjunctive treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia ,and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment. METHODS : Retrieved from Cochrane Library ,Embase,PubMed,Web of Science ,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang database (from their inception to March 2021),randomized controlled trials (RCTs)about efficacy and safety of atomization inhalation of polymyxin combined with conventional treatment (trial group ) versus conventional treatment (control group ) for ventilator- associated pneumonia were collected. After data extraction and quality evaluation of included literatures met inclusion and exclusion criteria , Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.4 software. RESULTS :A total of 13 clinical studies were included ,involving 2 RCTs and 11 cohort studies with a total of 1 066 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that clinical response rate [OR = 1.53,95%CI(1.17,2.00),P=0.002],microbial clearance rate [OR =1.46,95%CI(1.11,1.91),P=0.007] of trial group were significantly higher than those of control group ,with statistical significance. There was no statistical significance in the mortality rate [OR =0.88,95%CI(0.68,1.14),P=0.32] and the incidence of renal impairment [OR =1.04,95%CI(0.72,1.49),P=0.85] between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS :Based on current evidence ,atomization inhalation of polymyxin combined with conventional treatment can significantly improve clinical response rate and microbial clearance rate of patients with ventilator- associated pneumonia. However , more strictly-designed , long-term follow-up and large-scale RCTs are needed.
        期刊: 2021年第32卷第19期
        作者: 羅夢林,王璇,白浩,陳萬一
        AUTHORS: LUO Menglin ,WANG Xuan,BAI Hao,CHEN Wanyi
        關鍵字: 霧化吸入;多黏菌素;呼吸機相關性肺炎;Meta分析;療效;安全性
        KEYWORDS: Atomization inhalation ;Polymyxin;Ventilator-
        閱讀數: 17 次
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